Diversity profile report

For an immediate impression of the borough please view the Hampshire County Council Census Factsheet.

Purpose of this report 

Havant Borough Council is committed to equality and diversity across the borough.

The purpose of this report is to gain a greater understanding of local equality and diversity and use the information which identifies how different groups are affected by different circumstances to help us plan and shape our services for the future, tailored to local and more individual needs.

The information contained within this report is a collection of the best available data and all sources and dates are catalogued. It is expected that this report will be used in a variety of ways, not just to inform Havant Borough Council services, but also partners and other agencies/service providers in the borough.

The intent is to publish this report and share it extensively with others.

Due to the size of the document, it has been divided into a series of smaller profiles covering information regarding most groups with protected characteristics (under the Equality Act 2010).

About the Borough

Havant Borough is divided into five geographical areas; Emsworth, Havant and Bedhampton, Hayling Island, Leigh Park and Waterlooville. The five areas are all distinct in character and are home to diverse communities, thus presenting their own unique sets of challenges and opportunities to be addressed by local community groups and service providers.

At present, the borough has a population of 120,700 (2011 Census). 

According to the Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) four of the Borough's Lower Super Output Areas fall into the top 10 most deprived nationally. These Super Output Areas are located within three of the borough's most deprived wards that make up Leigh Park; Bondfields, Battins and Warren Park.

Statistics suggest that overall Havant is a fairly average borough, however one of stark contrasts, parts of the borough are affluent where others parts endure pockets of severe deprivation. A handful of Lower Super Output Areas around the borough score particularly badly in the Index of Multiple Deprivation and this brings the overall scores and rankings down. 

Data regarding protected groups in the borough

This is a term used for the key groups of people who experience discrimination either directly from the actions of individuals or indirectly through sets of policies, practices and procedures implemented by organisations and service providers.

Individuals and groups may also be subject to discrimination or prejudice if they come from areas that are known to be disadvantaged.

The protected groups under the Equality Act 2010 are: age, disability, gender reassignment, marriage and civil partnership, pregnancy & maternity, race, religion/belief, sex and sexual orientation.

 

Age

Ageism is the stereotyping of and discrimination against individuals or groups because of their age. It is manifested in a set of beliefs, attitudes, norms and values used to justify age based prejudice, discrimination and subordination.

This can either be casual or systemic. Age discrimination is unlawful in employment, training and education.

Age structure 2011 census 

Age Value Havant (%)
0 to 4 6710 5.6
5 to 7 3944 3.3
8 to 9 2448 2.0
10 to 14 7195 6.0
15 1580 1.3
16 to 17 3145 2.6
18 to 19 2890 2.4
20 to 24 6798 5.6
30 to 44 21001 17.4
45 to 59 24908 20.6
60 to 64 8196 6.8
65 to 74 12865 10.7
75 to 84 9134 7.6
85 to 89 2254 1.9
90 and over 1172 1.0

Source: ONS 2011 Census

Age summary

The average age in Havant Borough is 42, which is older than the national average. The majority of the working age population in Havant is male. The majority of Jobseekers Allowance claimants in Havant are aged between 25 and 49.

Projected age change in the Borough

There are indications that the population will continue to age. The greatest rise will be in the 50-59 age bracket and there will also be significant increases of people in the 70-79 age bracket and the 85+ population. In contrast, there will be a significant decline in people in the 40 to 49 age bracket. 

A decline is also projected for the population aged 24 or younger, excluding a boom of children aged 5 to 10, which coincides with the increase in people aged between 25 and 39, who are likely to be starting families of their own.

Hampshire County Council have produced a useful fact sheet titled 'Trends in Ageing across Havant 1981 to 2011' this can be accessed by following the External Links to the right hand side of this page.

Pension credit claimants

According to the Office for National Statistics, there was a total of 5,550 Pension Credit Claimants in the borough. 

61% of Pension Credit claimants at this time were female, which corresponds with a higher life expectancy rate than that of males in the borough. 

24% of pension claimants are single persons. These people are at greater risk of becoming isolated and may face more potential barriers to services than people that are couples. The document below analyses this information in more detail:

Older person poverty

This indicator forms part of the Indices of Multiple Deprivation 2007. Although it is not included within the final IMD score. This indicator provides an indication of the amount of people aged over 60 who claim Income Support, Jobseeker's Allowance or Incapacity Benefit. The score represents the proportion of older people who are in poverty within the area, for example a figure of 0.15 suggests 15% of older people are in poverty within the area.

In 2007, Havant Borough was ranked 177th out of 354 districts nationally for Older Person Poverty. This is the fourth highest in Hampshire, falling below below Southampton, Portsmouth and the Isle of Wight. The scores may be higher for Havant and the Isle of Wight due to relatively larger proportions of elderly residents in these areas. As mentioned previously, Havant Borough contains many areas which are desirable for residents of retirement age. 

On the other hand Portsmouth and Southampton are more densely populated and have higher proportions of affordable and social housing and housing designed especially to meet the needs of elderly residents.

Child poverty

This indicator forms part of the Indices of Multiple Deprivation 2007. Although it is not included within the final IMD score, this indicator provides an indication of the amount of children in each area that live in families that suffer income deprivation. Income deprivation is measured through claims to Income Support, income based Jobseeker's Allowance, Working Families Tax Credit or Disabled Person's Tax Credit. The score represents the proportion of children who are in poverty within the area, for example a figure of 0.15 suggests 15% of children are in poverty within the area. Children includes all those under the age of 16 within the area.

Havant Borough is ranked 119th out of 354 districts nationally for child poverty and is fourth in the Hampshire sub-region. The Borough has high concentrations of affordable and social housing.  

JSA claimants by age and duration 

Age group/Claim duration Havant(%)
Aged 18 to 24 (total) 7.0
Up to 6 months 5.8
6 to 12 months 0.9
Over 12 months 0.2
Aged 25 to 49 (total) 3.5
Up to 6 months 2.4
6 to 12 months 0.6
Over 12 months 0.5
Aged 50 to 64 (total) 1.6
Up to 6 months 1.1
6 to 12 months 0.3
Over 12 months 0.2

Source: ONS claimant count - age duration with proportions 2011

The majority of claimants in the borough are aged 25 to 49. Although this group makes up the largest proportion of claimants, it is only a small proportion of total residents in this age bracket.

There is a high proportion of claims lasting up to 6 months, but only 0.2% of claims last over 12 months.

In each case the majority of claims only lasted up to 6 months, which indicates that most claimants find work within a 6 to 12 month period. 

Disability

The Equality Act 2010 makes it unlawful to discriminate against those with a disability when providing services and for most employers when providing employment. A person with a 'disability' is defined as someone with a physical or mental impairment which has a substantial and long-term adverse effect on their ability to carry out normal day-to-day activities.

The majority of Disability Living Allowance (DLA) Claimants are aged between 50 and 69. The majority of claims for Disability Living Allowance have lasted for five years or longer. 

There is an almost 50/50 split between male and female DLA claimants in the borough.  With just slightly more males than females. 

Comparative disability figures across Hampshire Districts 

A breakdown of the comparative figures across County Authorities is available to view in the following table which lists disability statistics by type and age banding across the Hampshire authorities:

The majority (41%) of registered disabled people in the borough are physically impaired. 

22% are registered for being deaf or hard of hearing. Nearly three quarters of people with registered hearing disabilities in the borough are aged over 75. 

Of all the local authorities in Hampshire County, Havant has the second largest proportion of registered disabled people (2.4%). This just falls short of Gosport with 2.8% registered disabled residents. 

At 11%, Havant has the largest proportion of people registered for mental health.  

Employment of disabled working age residents 

According to Nomis 5,600 disabled working age residents were economically active in August 2010, the majority (93%) of which were in employment.

Over half (57%) of all economically active disabled working age residents at this time were male, and all people were employees rather than employers. No disabled working age residents were registered as self-employed at this time.

These figures are analysed further in the following table:

Census and disability 2011

In Havant, 80.7% of the population state that their daily activities are 'not limited' by a long term illness whilst 10.5% are 'limited a little' and 8.8% are 'limited a lot' by their illness.  The proportion of the borough's population who are 'limited a lot' is above that of both Hampshire and England and Wales.

Gender reassignment

A transsexual person is someone who proposes to, starts or has completed a process to change his or her gender. It is unlawful to discriminate against someone because they are transsexual in employment and the provision of goods and services.

There are currently no local figures on gender reassignment in the Borough. However, reports from the Gires charity has yielded some findings at national level.  Further information can be found on their website:

  • People being cared for gender-related: 20 per 100,000 people
  • Therefore in the population of the UK, about 10,000 people - of whom 6,000 have undergone transition
  • 80% were assigned boys at birth and now are trans women
  • 20% were girls and now are trans men
  • The median age for people presenting for treatment is 42 years old
  • None of this takes into account those who transition through private medical care - this is all only based on NHS information

Race and ethnicity

Racial discrimination can occur directly or indirectly in a range of settings including employment, education, the provision of goods and services, housing, stop and search and any public function.

The Equality Act 2010 protects all racial groups, regardless of their race, colour, nationality, or national or ethnic origins.

Black, Minority, Ethnic (BME) communities are commonly perceived to be under represented in the borough.

There are concerns that due to a lack of visibility, BME people's needs will not be met sufficiently.

For this reason, it is important to collate as much as data as possible on ethnicity in the borough to provide a clear representation of the whole community.

Ethnic structure (number of residents)

 Group HBC % HCC UK %
White British 114920 90.60 1565700 89.00 45134690 81.34
White Other 2240 4.20 71140 4.00 2485940 4.48
Mixed 1510 1.60 19100 1.70 1224400 2.21
Asian 1430 2.70 67720 3.80 4213530 7.59
Black 390 0.60 17140 1.00 1864890 3.36
Other 190 0.30 8830 0.50 563700 1.02

These basic statistics appear to point to a small, but significant portion of the Havant population that identify with BME groups from a broad range of backgrounds.

People in the ‘White Other’ category make up a larger proportion of the local community than the other minority groups and this group has grown since the 2001 Census. 

JSA claimants by ethnicity

Ethnicity Havant East Hants South East England
White 2,220 1,125 115,115 904,850
Mixed 5 5 1,690 19,665
Black 10 5 3,175 69.970
Asian 5 5 4,140 65,935
Chinese 5 5 1,340 22,385
Unknown/Prefer not to say 175 95 9435 87,990

Source: National statistics 2010

The latest figures show that overall, Havant has over twice as many JSA claimants than East Hants. The figures reflect ethnic representation within the areas, which have predominantly white British populations. 

Large proportions of claimants' ethnicities are unknown or undisclosed.

Gypsies or travellers 

There are no permanent Gypsy or Traveller encampments in Havant Borough. There have been a number of unauthorised encampments in the borough over the last three years:

Year Number of camps Irish camps Average person per camp
2010/11 1 None 9 persons
2009/10 2 None 9 for first camp, 20 person for second camp
2008/9 3 1 10 persons per camp
2007/8 8 4 20-30 persons per camp
2006/7 8 3 15-20 persons per camp

Source: Environmental quality team 2011

Religion and belief

There is no specific list that sets out that sets out what religion or belief discrimination is. The law defines it as 'any religion, religious or philosophical belief'. This includes all major religions, as well as less widely practiced ones. You are also protected against discrimination if you do not follow any religion or belief, and your employer discriminates against you because of this. Political beliefs are not counted as a religion or belief.

The majority (59.2%) of residents in the borough identify themselves to be of Christian faith. In contrast 32.3% of residents identify themselves as being non-religious.

Breakdown of religion/belief in the borough by % in comparison to Hampshire County Council and South East England Areas

  HBC HCC SEE
Christian 59.2 62.4 59.8
Buddhist 0.2 0.5 0.5
Hindu 0.2 0.7 1.1
Jewish 0.1 0.1 0.2
Muslim 0.5 0.6 2.3
Sikh 0.0 0.2 0.6
Other Religion 0.5 0.4 0.5
No Religion 32.3 27.9 27.7
Not Stated 7.1 7.2 7.4

Source: ONS 2011 Census

Distribution of religion/belief across the five areas of the borough by %

  Christian Buddhist Hindu Jewish Muslim Sikh Other No Not stated
Emsworth  66.5  0.2  0.3  0.1  0.2  0.1 0.6 23.5  8.4
Bedhampton  61.5  0.2  0.4  0.1  0.9  0  0.6  29.6  6.7
St Faiths  62.8  0.4  0.3  0   0.4  0.1  0.4  28.2  7.4
Barncroft  51.9  0.2  0.2  0  0.3  0  0.4  40.8  6.2
Battins  47.6  0  0.1  0  0.3  0  0.6  43.8  7.5
Bondfields  51.3  0.3  0  0  0.2  0.1  0.5  40.3  7.3
Warren Park  46.3  0.1  0.2  0.1  0.2  0.1  0.4  46  6.5
Hayling East  63.9  0.2  0.2  0.1  0.3   0  0.5  27.2  7.8
Hayling West  66.2  0.2   0.1  0.1  0.5  0.1  0.4  24.5   7.8
Cowplain  62.1  0.2  0.2  0  0.4  0  0.5  30.3  6.3
Hart Plain  57.4  0.3  0.1  0  0.3  0  0.5  34.5  6.8
Purbrook  63.1  0.2  0.2  0.1  0.4  0  0.4  29.5  6.2
Stakes  56.5   0.3  0.2  0.1  0.6  0.1  0.4  35.3  6.6
Waterloo  63.9  0.2  0.2  0.1   1.6  0  0.4  26.5  7.1

Source: ONS 2011 Census

In summary in line with the borough total, the five areas are predominantly Christian. People who stated 'No religion' make up the second largest cohort in the borough and across the five areas.  

There is a correlation between the demographics of the five areas and the proportions of people stating that they are Christian. Areas with older populations have a higher representation of Christians, reflecting the more traditional morals and values that are likely to be held by older generations.

Across the five areas, large cohorts of people stated their faith or religion as 'Other'. As mentioned previously in the case for undisclosed religion, this means there is a possibility that religious and faith groups could be overlooked. 

Of the minority groups Muslims have the highest representation.

Sex discrimination

Sex discrimination can affect men and women and is regarded a key issue in employment. Under the Equality Act 2010 it is unlawful for an employer to discriminate against a person because of their sex. Sex discrimination law covers almost all workers and all types of organisations in the UK. It covers: Recruitment, employment terms and conditions, pay and benefits, training, promotion and transfer opportunities, redundancy and dismissal as well as in the provision of goods and services.

Gender distribution

The female population is marginally higher than the borough’s male population. These population figures are on a par with the national average of Great Britain; 52% female and 48% male. Source: HCC Small Area Population Forecasts 2011. The 2011 Census confirmed these figures for the borough at 51.44% and 48.56% respectively.

Earnings

  Havant (£) South East (£) Great Britain (£)
Gross weekly pay   
Full-time workers 502.0 559.7 518.1
Male (full time) 572.7 619.5 558.8
Female (full-time) 415.7 481.1 459.8
Hourly pay - excluding overtime
Full time  workers 13.01 14.31 13.08
Male (full time) 14.63 15.29 13.68
Female (full time) 10.96 12.87 12.26

Source: Nomis: ONS annual survey of hours and earnings - resident analysis

Pay gaps 

The gender pay gap refers to the difference between men's and women's earnings as a percentage of men's earnings.

In 2013 the gender pay gap for the UK was 19.7%, which means that the average woman will earn 19.7% less than the average man per hour.

Further information on this topic can be found by following the external links on the right of this page.

Gender divide in employment

The 2011 Census showed the gender divide in part-time and full-time employment:

 Jobseeker's allowance

The Jobseeker's Allowance (JSA) is payable to people under pensionable age who are available for, and actively seeking, work of at least 40 hours a week.

Jobseekers allowance claimants by sex (working age population)

  Havant (Count) Havant (%) South East (%) Great Britain (%)
All people 1,641 2.3 1.6 2.6
Male 1,034 2.9 2.0 3.4                   
Female 607 1.6 1.1                     1.9                 

Source: ONS claimant count with rates and proportions (May 2014) Note: % is a proportion of resident population of area aged 16-64 and gender

Men make up well over half of Jobseekers Allowance claimants in the borough. Past trends have indicated that women may be more likely to claim other income related benefits, such as lone parent or carer support.    

Sexual orientation

Sexual orientation means an individual’s sexual orientation towards: People of the same sex (gay or lesbian); people of the opposite sex (heterosexual); or people of both sexes (bisexual). 

Sexual orientation is a relatively recent notion in human rights law and practice and one of the controversial ones in politics. It is unlawful to discriminate against someone because of their sexual orientation in employment and the provision of goods and services.

Stonewall Diversity Champions believe that nationally between 5-7% of the population are lesbian, gay or bisexual. Anecdotally, this is believed to be true of Havant Borough, although there is no official source for this information. 

According to 2011 Census data, 0.1% of households within the borough identified themselves as being in a same sex civil partnership.